原文地址: https://chefstricks.info/the-best-ways-to-remove-pesticides-from-produce/

原创翻译:龙腾网 http://www.ltaaa.com 翻译:后羿A射日



The Best Ways to Remove Pesticides FromProduce


Even the less-than-cautious among us stillprobably give their fruit and vegetables a quick rinse under the tap beforeeating them. That’s in an effort not only to wash off dirt and debris, but alsoto remove any pesticides. You might go even further by using a vegetable brushor a store-bought veggie wash. How effective is all of that, really? Moreimportantly, how worried should you be about pesticides in the first place?


Scrub A Dub Dub


Lucky for you, science has tackled thisproblem before. Here’s how effective the most popular produce-washing methodsreally are:


·Plain water: A 2008 review published in the journalFood Research International found that tap water only reduced the residue offive different pesticides by 20 percent, at most — but at least it’ssomething. Distilled or filtered water may be more effective, and agood several-minute soak can go even further, especially for cuttingdown on bacteria.



·Soap: Soap isn’t meant for washing food, and it’s not clear howeffective it is against pesticides. It could also possibly seep into theproduce, making you ingest another non-food chemical on top of the ones youwere trying to wash away. We don’t recommend it.



·Commercial veggie washes: A study in 2000 by theConnecticut Agricultural Experiment Station found that washing certain fruitsand vegetables with a commercial veggie wash was no more effective than rinsingthem under tap water for a minute when it came to getting rid of pesticides.Researchers at the University of Maine got the same result forreducing bacteria. The verdict: don’t waste your money.



·Vinegar: The Food Research review found that washing tomatoesin a vinegar solution significantly reduced the residues of six differentpesticides, some by as much as 94 percent. And in 2007, a Cook’sIllustrated test found that vinegar reduced 98 percent of the bacteria onapples and pears. Cheap, nontoxic — what’s not to like?Try filling a spray bottle with one part vinegar to three parts water and keepit next to the sink.


国际食物研究机构发现,用醋溶液洗西红柿,可以明显去除六种不同的农药残留,部分去除率能达到94%。2007年美食杂志《Cook’s Illustrated》做了一项实验,结果表明醋可以去除苹果和梨表面98%的细菌。而且还便宜、无毒。我们建议在厨房水槽旁边放一个装有醋水比1:3的喷壶。

·Baking soda: In October 2017, researchers from the Universityof Massachusetts published a study in the journal Agricultural and FoodChemistry that said soaking apples in a baking soda and water solution for 12–15 minutescan remove almost every trace of pesticides from the fruit’s surface. If youhave the time, this one’s a winner for sure.


2017年10月,马萨诸塞大学的研究人员将研究成果发表在《农业与食品化学》杂志上,称将苹果在小苏打和水溶液中浸泡12 – 15分钟,可以去除表面几乎全部农药残留。当然如果有多时间,这个办法肯定是最好的。

It should be mentioned that none of thesefixes can remove pesticides that have already seeped into the fruits andvegetables. If you’re really worried (which you probably shouldn’t be), generalpreparation methods like peeling, cooking, and canning can remove a substantialamount of pesticides throughout the produce. Peeling goes further than washingby removing the layer that the pesticides have reached; cooking and canningworks because many pesticides degrade in heat.


A Few Caveats


Why not just buy organic? you might ask.Contrary to popular belief, organic produce is grown with pesticides, too. Thepesticides just can’t be synthetic (and as we’ve mentioned before, whethera chemical is synthesized from scratch or just perfected from a natural sourcedoesn’t say anything about its safety).


In 2011, researchers at UC Davisfound that the organic versions of the so-called “dirtydozen” list of fruits and vegetables that pose the highest pesticiderisk aren’t any safer. They also say that pesticides on those fruitsand vegetables were way, way below the acceptable limit set by the EPA, andthat the list “lacks scientific credibility” to boot.


But if you’re still concerned, take a fewprecautions. Keep a spray bottle of diluted vinegar on hand for quick rinsesand baking soda for when you have the time. Peel or cook the fruits and veggiesyou’re most worried about. But don’t stop eating them. The science is in onthat front, and it says that you should eat your fruits and veggies if you wantto live a healthy life.



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